Monday, July 15, 2013

Outline of Spanish Era

THE SPANISH ERA

(For soft copy of PPT presentation of this topic,
 open link http://www.slideshare.net/hsaloria/the-spanish-era-35621648)

A.     PRELUDE TO THE VOYAGES OF “DISCOVERY”
·         3 G: God, Gold and Glory
·         3 Trade Routes: Northern, Center and Southern
·         Age of Exploration (1492-1682)
·         Papal Bulls by Pope Alexander VI: Inter Caetera and Eximiae Devotionis
·         Treaty of Tordesillas: 370 leagues

1.       Fernao de Magalhaes (Ferdinand Magellan, 1480-1521)
a.       The Limping Navigator
b.       Armada de Maluco (September 19,1519- September 6, 1522)
2.       Sequels of Armada de Maluco
a.       Juan Garcia Jofre de Loaysa (7 caravels and 450 men): 1525
b.       Sebastian Cabot: 1526
c.       Alnso Saavedra Ceron (3 caravels and 115 men): 1527
d.       Ruy Lopez de Villalobos (6 caravels and 370 men): 1542
e.       Legazpi-Urdaneta: November 19, 1564-May 19, 1571
·         Sugbu/ Fort San Pedro (1st), Panay (2nd) and Maynilad (3rd)

B.      DEVELOPMENT IN SPAIN AND EUROPE: INSTITUTIONAL IMPACT ON THE PHILIPPINES (T.A. Agoncillo)

1.       Political Institution – centralized ad hierarchical set-up

King of Spain
Vice-Royal of Nuevo Espana (Mexico)
1565-1821
Real y Supremo Consejo de las Indias
(Royal and Supreme Council of the Indies)
1524 – 1861: lawmaker and administrator of colonies
Ministerio de Ultramar
(Ministry of Colonies)
1863: replaced the Consejo
Gobernador y Capitan-General
Manila (Intramuros)
Alcalde-Mayor
Alcaldia
Cabildo
Ayuntamiento
Corregidores
Corregimiento
Gobernadorcillo
Pueblo or Municipio (province)
Cabeza de Barangay
Barrio/barangay (town)

2.      Economic Institution
a.       “Taxation Without Representation”
b.       Polo y Servicio Personal/ Prestacion Personal
c.       Encomiendas
d.       Manila-Acapulco Galleon Trade (1565-1815)
e.       Royal Economic Society of Friends of the Country (1780 – ca. 1895)
f.        Royal Philippine Economy (1785-1814)
g.       Infrastructure, Telecommunications and Public Utilities Development

3.      Educational Institution

4.      Social Transformation

5.      Cultural Transformation (Hispanization)

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