Thursday, September 5, 2013

The Third Republic: Arroyo and Aquino



THE THIRD REPUBLIC: ARROYO AND AQUINO ADMINISTRATION

I. GLORIA MACAPAGAL-ARROYO (Term: January 20, 2001 – June 30, 2010)

*May 1, 2001: so-called EDSA Tres since Erap’s supporters tried to overthrow the Arroyo administration


Laws and Programs:

1.       Imposed Expanded Value Added Tax (E-VAT)
2.       BEAT THE ODDS
B – Balanced Budget
E – Education for all
A – Automated Elections
T – Transportation and digital infrastructure
T – terminate the fighting with the MILF and NPA
H – Heal the wounds of EDSA I, II and III
E – Electricity and water for all
O – Opportunity in livelihood and 10 million jobs for Filipinos
D – Decongestion of Metro Manila
D – Develop former American bases like Subic and Clark
3.       Job Creation
4.       Holiday Economics

Problems:

1.       Inherited Estrada administrations’ deficit spending
2.       Massive corruption
3.       Oakwood Mutiny (July 27, 2003)
4.       Hello Garci Scandal
5.       State of Emergency (Proclamation No. 1017)
6.       Manila Peninsula Rebellion (November 29, 2007)
7.       NBN/ZTE Scandal
8.       Human Rights Record
9.       Attempt to Change the Charter

II. BENIGNO SIMEON COJUANGCO AQUINO (Term: June 30, 2010 – Present)

Laws and Programs:

1.       No Wang-Wang Policy
2.       Inter-municipal and inter-barangay economic development
3.       4Ps – Pantawid-PangkabuhayansaPamilyang Pilipino
4.       PantawidPamsada
5.       Educational Reform: K + 12
6.       National Greening Program

Achievements:

1.       Converted Php 20 Million worth of sustainable reforestation project to community development/ livelihood projects
2.       Halted anomalous government contracts and transactions which saved millions of government fund issued
3.       Parent-beneficiaries are given of Php 500 plus three children recipients of Php 300 each for education stipend
4.       Additional budget for education sector as K12 is patterned from the US Educational System that has its middle school (additional 2 years) for students to graduate
5.       Created the Truth Commission to investigate various anomalies and issues including graft and allegations of the past administration
6.       Requiring all radio stations to broadcast a minimum of four original Filipino musical compositions every hour
7.       Abolishing some agencies to lessen the expenses of the government
8.       Implementation of National Greening Program – plant at least 1.5 billion trees covering about 1.5 hectares for 6 years

Problems:

1.       Manila  Hostage Crisis
2.       Maguindanao Massacre
3.       Scarborough Shoal issue
4.       Corona’s conviction
5.       Sec. Robredo’s Death



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